Sled Hockey

If you’re looking for an exciting opportunity to play a sport that many of your friends have enjoyed for years, you have to check out Sledge Hockey or "sled hockey" as it is often referred to in the United States.

Founded in Sweden in the early 1960’s, and added as an official Paralympics sport to the 1994 Winter games in Lillehammer, Norway. Sled Hockey is quickly becoming the sport of choice for many disabled athletes.

The game differs from ice hockey only in equipment and period length.

The Game

Unless there is a penalty, 6 players on the ice for each team; 3 forwards, 2 defensemen, and a goalie. Substitutes may be made when play is stopped, or on the fly. Period length is 15 minutes instead of the normal 20 minutes.

Sled Hockey is played on a regulation sized ice rink with standard size nets and puck. Be prepared to get some good exercise when you play the game!

The Equipment

Don’t kid yourself, sled hockey is a full contact sport and protective gear must be worn at all times: helmet with a full-face mask, shoulder pads, shin guards, elbow pads, neck guard and hockey gloves are mandatory. Hockey pants, kidney pads, and shoulder pad extensions, while not mandatory, are recommended for additional protection.

The Stick

Instead of just one stick, players use two sticks to pass and shoot the puck, as well as propel themselves down the ice.

The sticks are much shorter than a regulation hockey stick and the angle of the blades is less severe.  The butt end of each stick has a metal “pic” attached to each side. With these features, the sticks allow the players to propel themselves down the ice while shooting and passing.

The Sled

Typically, sled frames are made of aluminum with varying lengths depending on the player’s size and in some cases the length is adjustable to allow different players to use the same sled.

Plastic Buckets are mounted at the back of the frame and are fit to each player. Standard skate blades are attached to a frame on the bottom of the sled. Blades typically can be moved forward and aft to adjust the center of gravity and in some cases the distance between the blades can be adjusted; based on the riders balance and skill level.

A foot guard and leg rest, protects the feet and keeps them off the ice.

There is also a runner on the front of the frame, which keeps the front end off the ice and also prevents the sled from riding on top of another sled.

To perform at your best, it is necessary to become one with the sled and while straps and belts are normally used to maintain proper body position, duct tape has become the strap of choice for many players.

Sled Hockey Design and Construction

by Randy Kwapis

From the beginning, hockey sled construction has been simplistic. With little more than a metal frame, standard hockey runners, a plastic bucket used as a seat, and modified sticks, sled hockey players took to the ice. Founded in Sweden in early 1960’s and introduced at the 1994 Lillehammer, Norway, winter Paralympics, sled hockey; or sledge, as it is called in most of the world has quickly become a favorite sport of many. While Canada is considered, by some, to be the forerunner of sled hockey equipment design and construction, one US company; Mobility Sports, is proving them wrong. Mobility Sports of Fort Wayne, Indiana, has quickly become a premier supplier of sleds and sticks across the globe. From Europe to Asia; Canada to New Mexico, sled hockey products from Mobility Sports are being used by some of the best in the game. Whereas some companies have chosen a bolt-together concept, Mobility Sports has chosen the more labor intensive task of TIG welding each sled frame to insure side-to-side rigidity and overall straightness are maintained; even after years of repeated use. We start by using 6061-T6 aluminum tubing and billet typically used in aircraft and bicycle construction. Each critical part is then machined to exacting standards of plus-or-minus ten thousand (.010) of an inch. We then mount the machined parts onto a frame jig and meticulously TIG weld each of the twenty (20) plus connection points. Once welded, the frame is wire brushed and readied for the mounting of the seat (bucket), runner assembly and front skid. For maximum rigidity and to limit flexing, which is typical of the two-piece buckets, we have chosen to use single piece, vacuum formed, acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) buckets. ABS is the same material found in automotive body parts and protective head gear. These buckets are available in 12-inch, 14-inch and 16-inch widths; measured at the hips. All buckets are provided with a high density foam and heavyweight polypropylene 1 Inch strapping with metal cam buckles. For smaller players we are able to cut our 14-inch bucket in half; by then bolting these two halves together smaller width buckets can be produced.

With the use of spacers, the runner assembly on our sleds is a highly accurate and easy to adjust mechanism. No longer are you required to measure and re-measure your runner assembly to insure it is square. The runner width is adjustable from a ½-inch to 5-inches, in ½-inch increments. To adjust center-of-gravity on our sleds, simply loosen two bolts, move the assembly

to the desired location and tighten. Our custom designed, Laser-cut, stainless steel runners provide smooth glides and superior turning. The front skid on our sleds is zinc plated; to prohibit rust, and covered with highly abrasive resistant nylon. Not only does this protect the skid, but it also allows it to glide easily on the ice when it touches. The skid is bolted to the frame and can be removed and replaced in the event it becomes damaged. Mobility Sports offers two types of sleds; Team sleds and Custom sleds. While the basic construction is the same, Team sleds provide 12-inches of length adjustment and come standard with 4-inch runner spacing. Custom sleds are fabricated to the users’ length specifications, plus-or-minus 2-inches and come standard with foot guard, ankle strap, ratchet straps and the choice of two blade spacer kits. The foot guard provides extra protection upfront, the ankle strap allows the player to secure his legs to the sled; without the need for duct tape and the ratchet straps allow players to securely position themselves within the bucket without worry of a strap loosening. Mobility Sports is the first, among sled manufacturers, to offer composite sticks. These sticks are sold as kits and include blades, shafts and picks. The laser cut stainless steel picks are pre-mounted and all that is required is for the end user to cut the shaft to the desired length and using a heat gun insert the blade. These sticks have are priced so teams can afford them, but yet are durable enough for even the most seasoned player.

Welcome To Our Web Site

We hope you will find our web site a tremendous resource if you’re wanting to learn about sled (sledge) hockey, find equipment, or  get information on upcoming events around North America.  

You can find links to organizations and all manner of things on our LINKS PAGE.


Manufacturer of the finest sleds anywhere…

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